A Study Analysing the Judicial Divorce of Tsabit's Wife

  • Alfiah Rafika Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang
  • M Ridwan Hasbi Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Afriadi Putra Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau


This study aims to discuss the hadith resolution to the issue of domestic violence by analysing the case of the divorce of  Tsabit Ibn Qais' wife. The hadith about the violence committed by Tsabit Ibn Qais against his wife is the basis for analysing the relationship between husband and wife at the level of ma`ruf. The Prophet placed the issue in a policy that reflects Islam as a religion of peace. The construction of the hadith study with the solution of domestic abuse in the form of judicial divorce clarifies that Islamic teachings do not justify violence against wives. So the Messenger of Allah (saw) in his hadith provides a solution to this problem, namely by making the relationship in the household a friendly relationship, namely sharing complaints, and joys and not hiding secrets between each other. When the husband treats his wife with ma'ruf, with affection, the wife will return the affection with something better to her husband and children, so that household life will be warm and sakinah mawaddah warahmah. In addition, the husband as Qawwam in his household must be able to educate his children and wife with gentleness and affection, refraining from educating them physically. However, when a wife is nusyuz, cannot be educated with advice and is not sad when she is separated, then the husband may teach a lesson physically, provided that it is not on the face, does not cause marks and harms the wife.